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Sikhism

Sikhism

Sikhism developed from Hinduism in the 16th century.  It is the youngest religion that believes in one God.

What does Sikhs believe?

Sikhs believe in one God.  They think religion should be practiced by living in the world and coping with life’s everyday problems.

Who is the founder?

Sikhismm was founded in the Punjab by Guru Nanak

Why is Guru Nanak important to Sikhs?

Guru Naka was the first Sikh Guru who’s teachings are the basis of Sikhism.  Nine Gurus followed Nanak and developed the Sikh faith and community over the next centuries.

Symbols in the Sikh religion

The Sikh symbol is called the Khanda.  The circle means God is always there.  The sword means Sikhs believe in truth and must help people in need.

Where do Sikhs Worship?
Sikhs worship in a Gurdwara, Punjabi for residence of God or the door that leads to the Guru.  Although a Gurdwara is called the residence of the Guru Sikhs that God is present everywhere. 
What is the sacred text (holy book) of Sikhs?

The Sikh holy book is called the Guru Granth Sahib.   It is the only scripture of its kind which not only contains the works of its own religious founders but also writings of people from other faiths.

What are the central beliefs in Sikhism?
The central beliefs are:

  • There is only one God
  • God is without form, or gender
  • Everyone has direct access to God
  • Everyone is equal before God
  • A good life is lived as part of a community, by living honestly and caring for others
  •  Empty religious rituals and superstitions have no value

The 5K’s
The 5 Ks taken together symbolise that the Sikh who wears them has dedicated themselves to a life of devotion and submission to the Guru. 
The 5 Ks are 5 physical symbols worn by Sikhs who have been initiated into the Khalsa.
The five Ks are:

  • Kesh (uncut hair)
  • Kara (a steel bracelet)
  • Kanga (a wooden comb)
  • Kaccha - also spelt, Kachh, Kachera (cotton underwear)
  • Kirpan (steel sword)
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