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Islam

Islam

There are over a thousand million followers of Islam in the world and this makes it the second most popular religion.  Islam means peace, submission and obedience.

What does a Muslim believe?

Muslims believe there is one God called Allah.

Who is the founder?

The Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) is often regarded as the founder of Islam.  He was the last Prophet sent by Allah.  The other Prophets being Abraham, Moses, David and Jesus.
*Mohammed is so revered that it is usual to say Peace Be Upon Him after his name.

Why is Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) important to Muslims?

Mohammed (Peace Be Upon Him) is important to Muslims because he was the last prophet of Allah and he wrote down the words of Allah.

Who is Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him)?

Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) was born in Mecca in Saudi Arabia around 570AD.  He is the last of the Prophets.  Allah spoke to Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) and he wrote down these words into the book called the Qu’ran.  Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) changed his daily life to reflect the teachings of Allah.  The stories and sayings of Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) help Muslims understand the Qu’ran and put its teachings into their daily life..

Symbols in Islam

The star and crescent is the most important Islamic symbol.
The Zulfiqar is the sword carried by Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him). This sword was given to his son-in-law who performed miracles of valor with it.
Early accounts of Muslim war refer to flags and battle standards of varying colours: black, white, red and greenish black.  These colours are used greatly my Muslims and Islamic countries.

Where do Muslims Worship?
Muslims worship in a Mosque.  Mosques are decorated with patterns and words from the Qu’ran.  When people enter a Mosque they take off their shoes and wash it symbolizes spiritual cleaning and purity in readiness for coming before God.  
What is the sacred text (holy book) of Muslims?

The Muslim sacred book is called the Qu’ran.  Muslims consider the Qu’ran as the unaltered words of Allah.  Muslim beliefs and practices are rooted in the Qu’ran.

What are the central beliefs in Islam?

The central belief in Islam is that there is one God called Allah who is the sole and sovereign ruler of the universe.
There are 6 beliefs:

  • Belief in Allah as the one and only God.
  • Belief in angels.
  • Belief in the Prophets
  • Belief in the Day of Judgement
  • Belief in Predestination

There are 5 Pillars of Faith, which help Muslims put their faith into action:

  • Shahadah, the declaration of faith.  By reciting “I bear witness that there is no god, but God; I bear witness that Mohamad is the prophet of God” one enters the Islamic faith
  • Salah, prayer.  Muslims are required to pray 5 times a day facing Mecca
  • Zakat, giving a fixed proportion of income to charity.
  • Saum, feasting during the month of Ramadan.
  • Hajj, pilgrimage to Mecca.  If it is financially possible Muslims must travel to Mecca once in their lifetime.
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